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Located between the cities of Amsterdam and The Hague, Leiden is one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands. It has a rich history and a unique charm. Here are some highlights and interesting facts about Leiden.

The city center is full of historic buildings, old churches, picturesque alleys and canals. Beautiful stone bridges cross the canals and connect the different parts of the city.


Founded in 1575, Leiden University is the oldest university in the Netherlands. It has a rich history and is known for its research and academic excellence.

Most of the Dutch royal family have also studied here.

Student life

Thanks to the university, the city has a vibrant student population, which contributes to the city's youthful energy and cultural scene.

The Castle

An old fortress located on an artificial hill in the city center. It offers a nice view of the city.


Leiden has several prominent museums. One of the most famous is Naturalis, a natural history museum with one of the largest collections in the world.

The Rijksmuseum van Oudheden focuses on ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, while the Museum Volkenkunde is an ethnographic museum presenting cultures from around the world.

Hortus Botanicus

This is the oldest botanical garden in the Netherlands, founded in 1590. It is attached to the university and has a collection of rare plants from around the world.

Leidens Ontzet

Every year on October 3, the city celebrates 'Leidens Ontzet', a local festival commemorating the city's liberation from a Spanish siege in 1574.

The festival includes parades, music, and traditional foods such as hutspot (a type of stew).

Molens (Windmills)

Like many Dutch cities, Leiden has several beautiful windmills. De Burcht, the aforementioned fortress, is surrounded by some of these iconic structures.

Leiden is a great destination for those who want to experience an authentic Dutch city beyond the more touristy areas like Amsterdam.

It combines history, culture and beauty in a way that is typical of the Netherlands.

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